What Is Composting?

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What Does It Mean To Compost?

 Compost is organic material that can be added to soil to help plants grow. Food scraps and yard waste together currently make up more than 30 percent of what we throw away, and could be composted instead. Making compost keeps these materials out of landfills where they take up space and release methane, a potent greenhouse gas.

Landfills emit many gases such as CO2 and CH4 (Methane) that are very harmful for the environment. But when these wastes are allowed to compose in a controlled environment, little to no emissions are created. 

If you would like to make a compost bin of your own, it is easier than you think. First you will need a bin of some sort and drill holes to allow air to circulate, you may also use a box with an empty bottom and place a piece of cloth underneath, and lay the box or bin on an container, used to trap the residue water.

Your compost bin must be an equal amount of what in gardening is called green and brown. Green waste is anything from fruit and vegetable scraps to grass clippings, while brown waste is usually dried leaves, twigs, straw, hay and manure. You may even use ashes, hair, wool and nail clippings!


What To Compost

While the possibilities of composting ingredients are endless, there are a few things that are highly discouraged such as dairy, meat or fat. One way to speed up the decomposing process is to find earthworms of any sort. By introducing worms to the compost, they process the food that takes a while to decompose, and in addition introduce acids, enzymes and other nutrients found in the worms excrements.

You can compost:

  • Fruits and vegetables
  • Eggshells
  • Coffee grounds and filters
  • Tea bags (check if do not contain plastic)
  • Nut shells
  • Shredded newspaper
  • Cardboard
  • Paper
  • Yard trimmings
  • Grass clippings
  • Houseplants
  • Hay and straw
  • Leaves
  • Sawdust
  • Wood chips
  • Cotton and Wool Rags
  • Dryer and vacuum cleaner lint
  • Hair and fur
  • Fireplace ashes


What Not To Compost and Why

  • Black walnut tree leaves or twigs
    - Releases substances that might be harmful to plants
  • Coal or charcoal ash
    - Might contain substances harmful to plants
  • Dairy products (e.g., butter, milk, sour cream, yogurt) and eggs*
    - Create odor problems and attract pests such as rodents and flies
  • Diseased or insect-ridden plants
    - Diseases or insects might survive and be transferred back to other plants
  • Fats, grease, lard, or oils*
    - Create odor problems and attract pests such as rodents and flies
  • Meat or fish bones and scraps*
    - Create odor problems and attract pests such as rodents and flies
  • Pet wastes (e.g., dog or cat feces, soiled cat litter)*
    - Might contain parasites, bacteria, germs, pathogens, and viruses harmful to humans
  • Yard trimmings treated with chemical pesticides
    - Might kill beneficial composting organisms


Benefits Of Composting




  • Enriches soil, helping retain moisture and suppress plant diseases and pests.
  • Reduces the need for chemical fertilizers.
  • Encourages the production of beneficial bacteria and fungi that break down organic matter to create humus, a rich nutrient-filled material.
  • Reduces methane emissions from landfills and lowers your carbon footprint.


How to Compost at Home

 There are many different ways to compost, if you are composting in your backyard, select a dry, shady spot near a water source for your compost pile or bin. Add brown and green materials as they are collected, making sure larger pieces are chopped or shredded. Moisten dry materials as they are added. Once your compost pile is established, mix grass clippings and green waste into the pile and bury fruit and vegetable waste under 10 inches of compost material.

Optional: Cover top of compost with a tarp to keep it moist. When the material at the bottom is dark and rich in color, your compost is ready to use. This usually takes anywhere between two months to two years.

If you do not have space for an outdoor compost pile, you can compost materials indoors using a special type of bin, which you can buy at a local hardware store, gardening supplies store, or make yourself. Remember to tend your pile and keep track of what you throw in. A properly managed compost bin will not attract pests or rodents and will not smell bad. Your compost should be ready in two to five weeks.




Send to us pictures of your composting so we can share and motivate other to do the same!

Also feel free to contact us if you have any doubt.


The Green Papaya.








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